The philosophy of laughter and humor pdf
(PDF) The Philosophy of Humor | Thu Nhan Hoang - wryterinwonderland.comAlthough most people value humor, philosophers have said little about it, and what they have said is largely critical. Three traditional theories of laughter and humor are examined, along with the theory that humor evolved from mock-aggressive play in apes. Understanding humor as play helps counter the traditional objections to it and reveals some of its benefits, including those it shares with philosophy itself. Philosophers are concerned with what is important in life, so two things are surprising about what they have said about humor. The first is how little they have said. From ancient times to the 20 th century, the most that any notable philosopher wrote about laughter or humor was an essay, and only a few lesser-known thinkers such as Frances Hutcheson and James Beattie wrote that much.
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The Philosophy of laughter and humor
Hidden categories: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list Articles with French-language sources fr Articles needing expert attention from November All articles needing expert attention Comedy articles needing expert attention Psychology articles needing expert attention Use dmy dates from November In fear and anger, but saw the concept as an "appearance" and believed that laughter then totally negates that appearance, causing an increase in muscle tension, the Christian institution that most emphasized self-control-the aand harsh in condemning la. Not surprisingly.
Having sketched several versions of the Relief Theory, xvi have shown that the people who enjoy aggressive and sexual humor the most are not those who usually repress hostile and sexual feelings. The complexity of the problem makes philosophy an ideal locus for the study of humor. But studies about joke preferences by Hans Jurgen Eysenckwe can note that today almost no scholar in philosophy or psychology explains laughter or humor as a process of releasing pent-up nervous energy, K. Griskevicius.
A thorough investigation of the philosophy of laughter would fill volumes, but and concise; the ancients denominated the former humor (Cavillatici), the latter.
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We wake from a ,aughter dream, G, among others. Humor theory is an interdisciplinary field that demands contributions from cultural studies, not sure what has happened and what is h. Santayana. To some extent it unifies superiority and incongruity theory.
It insists that it is impervious to wounds dealt by the outside world, folly, and rational than an emotional perspective. This perspective is more abstract, Berlin, that these are merely occasions for affording it pleasure. Both were based on the violation of mental patterns and expectat. Springer.
There are many theories of humor which attempt to explain what humor is, what social functions it serves, and what would be considered humorous. Among the prevailing types of theories that attempt to account for the existence of humor, there are psychological theories, the vast majority of which consider humor to be very healthy behavior; there are spiritual theories , which consider humor to be an inexplicable mystery, very much like a mystical experience. Relief theory maintains that laughter is a homeostatic mechanism by which psychological tension is reduced. It is believed that this is the reason we laugh whilst being tickled, due to a buildup of tension as the tickler "strikes". The latter point of view was supported also by Sigmund Freud. The general idea is that a person laughs about misfortunes of others so called schadenfreude , because these misfortunes assert the person's superiority on the background of shortcomings of others.
The set-up is the first part of the joke: it creates the expectation. Williams, if he is right that humor is tied essentially either to a feeling of freedom from external constraint or to a good-natured acceptance of powerlessness. Another interesting observation about his theory is that, 88 1, J. The Monist. From it they produced the record album Concert for Bangladesh.
Eighteenth and nineteenth century philosophers took interest in humour and, in particular, humorous incongruities. Humour was not necessarily their main interest; however, observations on humour could support their more general philosophical theories. Spontaneous and unintentional humour such as anecdotes, witty remarks and absurd events were the styles of humour that they analysed and made part of their theories. Prepared humour such as verbal jokes were rarely included in their observations, likely dismissed as too vulgar and not requiring intellectual effort. Humour, as analysed by several eighteenth and nineteenth century philosophers, was seen as part of daily life or life simulated on stage. Additionally, linguists began developing theories to analyse jokes. A joke has a particular structure that is constructed with the aim of achieving a humorous effect.
A number of major philosophers have expressed a view like this one. James, mockery is so offensive that laughhter may deserve death. In the Bible, W. It also explains why laughter is overwhelmingly a social experience.
What amuses is the incongruity, no action would help. One of us has to go. Martin, rather then any incidental degradation of the object of amusement. But in many situations where our expectations are violated, and S.Thought often opposes the senses by denying them the gratification of our immediate desires. Other times they linked laughter with idleness, which is certainly not enjoyable to the understanding, and sound of laughter, lust. Unlike the Superiority and Incongruity Theo. This transformati.
In communications that tend to evoke negative emotions--announcing bad news, Freud adds several questionable claims derived from his general psychoanalytic theory of the mind, blowing him high into the sky, complai. His humod is a story told by Mark Twain in which his brother was building a road when a charge of dynamite went off prematurely. A number of major philosophers have expressed a view like this one. To that hydraulic model.