Organizational theory design and development pdf
Test bank for organizational theory design and change 7th edition by jones by Isabelle - IssuuOrganizational Theory, Design, and Change, 7e Jones Chapter 2 Stakeholders, Managers, and Ethics 1 In general, stakeholders are motivated to participate in an organization if they receive inducements that exceed the value of the contributions they are required to make. Answer: TRUE Page Ref: 42 Difficulty: Easy LO: 24 An ethical dilemma is the quandary people experience when they must decide whether or not they should act in a way that benefits someone else, even if it harms others and isn't in their own interest. Answer: FALSE Page Ref: 46 Difficulty: Easy LO: 27 As per the justice model of ethics, an ethical decision is a decision that best maintains and protects the fundamental rights and privileges of the people affected by it. Answer: FALSE Page Ref: 46 Difficulty: Easy LO: 28 As per the moral rights model of ethics, an ethical decision is a decision that distributes benefits and harms among stakeholders in a fair, equitable, or impartial way. Answer: TRUE Page Ref: 50 Difficulty: Easy LO: 30 Organizations that are doing badly in an economic sense and are struggling to survive are the ones most likely to commit unethical and illegal acts. Answer: TRUE Page Ref: 51 Difficulty: Easy LO: 31 In the long run, an organization that follows unethical practices tends to spend more on research and development and less on advertising and managerial salaries.
01 What is theory of organisation - Classical theory - Neo classical theory - Modern Theory
Organisaional Theory Design & Development Notes (1)
Rational versus Political Model: the degree of goal incompatibility, the greater the importance of boundary spanners, regulation 3. Emergence and purpose of culture: culture provides members with a sense of organizational identity and generates in them a commitment to beliefs and values that are greater than themselves. Political activity. The greater the uncertainty in the environment.Intuitive decision making: experience and judgement rather than sequential logic or explicit reasoning are uses to make decisions. Organizational dsvelopment examines concepts such as motivation, and personality and is concerned with cognitive and emotional differences among people within organizations. May occur when competitors react with aggressive moves. Advances in information technology are having a significant effect on jobs in the service indu.
Other steel companies, such as LTV Corp. Sources of ethical values in organizations: ethics in organizations is both an individual and an organizational matter. Centralization refers to the hierarchical organzational that has authority to make a decision? Few departments 2.
Job shop operations that manufacture and assemble small orders to meet specific needs of customers! Mc Gregor has given example of this in his Theory X and Theory Y which are based on a managers assumptions about employee behaviour. Debelopment advanced technology, workers have to keep learning new skills because technology is changing so rapidly? Communication is horizontal Briefcase 3: Match internal organization structure to the external environment. The best known of these was probably the so-called Hawthorn Studies.
In the learning organization the accumulated actions of an informed and empowered workforce contribute to strategy development. Owners Financial return 2? Caused by globalization and advancing technology. Organized anarchies do not rely on the normal vertical hierarchy of authority and bureaucratic decision rules.
Key elements include the oryanizational, and the financial community, managers and evaluators should keep in mind that the actual measure of effectiveness is a complex proce. There are various myths about organizational culture. The result is that managers may follow goals that promote their own interests and not the interests of shareholders.The adaptive subsystems are responsible for organizational change and adaptation. A typical example of soft culture can be found in a number of public sector organizations in India where the management feels constrained to take action. Illegitimate activities: certain conditions low profits, scarce environmental resources etc may lead managers to adopt illegitimate behaviour, environment. One responsibility of managers is to design organizations that fit the contingency factors of st.
Organizations must cope with and manage uncertainty to be effective. The transformation process changes these inputs into something of value that can be exported back to the environment. A dfvelopment ability to acquire and use resources is important only if resources and capabilities are used to achieve something that meets a need in the environment. The mission is sometimes called the official goals, which are formally stated definition of theorry scope and outcomes the organization is trying to achieve.